Home > Published Issues > 2024 > Volume 13, No. 4, July 2024 >
IJEETC 2024 Vol.13(4): 286-292
doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.13.4.286-292

A Novel Machine Learning Approach for Blind Carrier Offset Estimation in OFDM Systems

Mahmoud M. Qasaymeh
Computer Engineering and Communication Department, Faculty of Engineering, Tafila Technical University, Tafila, Jordan
Email: qasaymeh@ttu.edu.jo (M.M.Q.)

Manuscript received March 19, 2024; revised May 13, 2024; accepted May 17, 2024.

Abstract—As wireless networks continue to evolve with the emergence of sixth-generation networks and beyond, OFDM technology is expected to be an essential system component for providing reliable connectivity in an increasingly complex environment. Its high spectrum efficiency, efficiency against impulse noise, and resilience against frequency-selective multipath fading channels make it an invaluable component. Although OFDM technology has various capabilities and uses and is widely used, it has some issues and challenges, and one of these challenges is Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO). The CFO destroys orthogonality between subcarriers and causes subcarrier misalignment at the receiver, resulting in Inter- Carrier Interference (ICI) in OFDM systems. This interference impairs system performance by introducing errors and degrading signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). In this paper, a novel approach to estimate the CFO in OFDM systems via Feedforward Neural Network (FNN) has been proposed. The architecture is precisely designed for regression tasks, with a focus on accurately estimating the continuous parameter φ based on the input features. The multiple hidden layers facilitate the extraction of intricate patterns, while careful training options ensure efficient optimization and monitoring of the training process. The performance of the proposed FNN algorithm is assessed and compared with other subspace-based methods, ESPRIT, PM(MUSIC), and QR. Remarkably, the results demonstrate that the FNN algorithm consistently outperforms all subspace methods, especially in low SNR scenarios.

Index Terms—6G, blind estimation, Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO), dataset, Deep Learning (DL), Inter-Carrier Interference (ICI), loss function, Machine Learning (ML), Feedforward Neural Network (FNN), OFDM, training

Cite: Mahmoud M. Qasaymeh, "A Novel Machine Learning Approach for Blind Carrier Offset Estimation in OFDM Systems," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 286-292, 2024. doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.13.4.286-292

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.