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IJEETC 2024 Vol.13(2): 168-175
doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.13.2.168-175

A Wireless Voting System Using Wi-Fi-Based Microcontrollers and Face Verification

Hameed R. Farhan*, Arwa M. Taqi, and Muayad S. Kod
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Kerbala, Kerbala, Iraq
Email: hameed.r.f@uokerbala.edu.iq (H.R.F.), arwa.h@uokerbala.edu.iq (A.M.T.), muayad.kod@uokerbala.edu.iq (M.S.K.)
*Corresponding author

Manuscript received September 10, 2023; revised October 29, 2023; accepted November 5, 2023.

Abstract—Voting systems nowadays are highly interesting due to their importance in expressing opinions. The proposed work aims to design a cost-effective and reliable Electronic Voting System (EVS) that can tackle the issues faced by manual election. The system uses small and lowcost microcontrollers with Wi-Fi network connectivity to avoid the issues of installing wire connections. Eligible voters are authenticated by recognizing their faces using deep neural networks (VGG-16 model). The Wi-Fi connections between the server and the clients are carried out through the Internet Protocol suite (TCP/IP) transmission method to ensure data arrival without loss. The client’s side comprises four small and cheap microcontrollers known as ESP8266-01, whereas the server side contains one NodeMCU ESP8266-12E microcontroller connected to a program computer. The voting results are displayed using the Visual Basic programming language. The system is specifically designed to facilitate voting on a particular opinion by providing two options: (Yes) and (No). Besides, it can be utilized for electing a committee manager or group leader and can be expanded to accommodate more options. The VGG model’s robustness is demonstrated through experiments, achieving 99.12% accuracy on Faces96 images and 98.61% on our database. Moreover, the practical implementation of the election process demonstrates that the system is highly reliable, secure and cost-effective.

Index Terms—face verification, electronic voting, wireless communication, TCP/IP, ESP8266 microcontrollers, VGG- 16, deep learning

Cite: Hameed R. Farhan, Arwa M. Taqi, and Muayad S. Kod, "A Wireless Voting System Using Wi-Fi-Based Microcontrollers and Face Verification," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 168-175, 2024. doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.13.2.168-175

Copyright © 2024 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.