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IJEETC 2022 Vol.11(3): 234-241
doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.11.3.234-241

Performance Comparison of Impedance-Based Fault Location Methods for Transmission Line

Ngo Minh Khoa, Mai Vu Cuong, Huynh Quoc Cuong, and Nguyen Truong Tan Hieu
Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Quy Nhon University, Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh, Vietnam

Abstract—Electric transmission lines play a very essential role in transmitting power energy from generation centers to consumption regions. They can be exposed to fault occurrences due to various reasons, such as lightning strikes, malfunction of components, and human errors. Since fault is unpredictable, a fast fault location method is required to minimize the impact of fault in power systems. This paper presents a research work for comparing the performance of the impedance-based fault location methods, in which the impedance parameter of the faulted line section is calculated as a measure of the distance to the fault. To evaluate the capability of the methods for correctly detecting and locating the fault locations, comprehensive simulation results are carried out. This computation is based on modeling and simulating a three-phase 220kV overhead transmission line in the Matlab/Simulink software. Short circuits which occur in various fault resistances and locations along the transmission line are emulated to investigate several case studies and the accuracy of fault location determination is calculated to compare the performance among these fault location methods.
Index Terms—Impedance-based method, protection relay, transmission line, distance to fault, location error

Cite: Ngo Minh Khoa, Mai Vu Cuong, Huynh Quoc Cuong, and Nguyen Truong Tan Hieu, "Performance Comparison of Impedance-Based Fault Location Methods for Transmission Line," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 234-241, May 2022. Doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.11.3.234-241

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