Dalian Maritime University, China
It is my honor to be the editor-in-chief of IJEETC. The journal publishes good papers which focous on the advanced researches in the field of electrical and electronic engineering & telecommunications.
Manuscript received May 12, 2023; revised July 6, 2023; accepted July 24, 2023.
Abstract—In this paper, a printed monopole antenna is designed and experimentally evaluated for Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) applications. The antenna resonates at two narrow frequency bands centered at 0.5 GHz and 2 GHz. Four stages are used to achieve the final model, which is based on a rectangular patch, a simple microstrip feed line, and a reduced ground plane. The proposed antenna consists of a simple patch with notches and a quarter-wavelength feed line. The introduced notches help to reduce the conductor losses and decrease the weight of the design. The antenna prototype is fabricated on a low-cost FR-4 epoxy substrate with dimensions of 17.55 cm3, using the LPKF S103 laser printer, and then measured with the R&S®ZNB Vector Network Analyzer. The experimental results demonstrate that the operating bands range between 0.48–0.52 GHz (8%) and 1.94–2.04 GHz (5.02%). The antenna exhibits good radiation patterns with a reasonable gain of 1.5/2.6 dBi and a high radiation efficiency of 97/78% at the two resonating frequencies 0.5/2 GHz, respectively. To validate the usefulness of the designed antenna for GPR applications, a penetrability test is conducted through a concrete separator wall. The electric field probe HZ551 is used to receive the electromagnetic waves behind the obstacle, and the power received by the probe is measured with the GSP-730 spectrum analyzer. The obtained results confirm that the proposed model performs well in the UHF band at 0.5 GHz and 2 GHz, with a high level of penetrability.
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