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IJEETC 2023 Vol.12(2): 124-133
doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.12.2.124-133

Pigeon Inspired Optimization Based Centroid Selection in TGVFCMS for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Network

V. Gokula Krishnan 1*, K. Sreerama Murthy 2, G. Dhanalakshmi 3, K. Sankar 4, S. Venkata Lakshmi 5, and B. Shyamala Gowri 6
1. Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, India
2. IT Department, Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Hyderabad, India
3. IT Department, Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai, India
4. CSE Department, CVR College of Engineering, Hyderabad, India
5. Department of AI & DS, Sri Krishna College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, India
6. CSE Department, Easwari Engineering College, Chennai, India

Manuscript received September 22, 2022; revised October 28, 2022; accepted November 24, 2022.

Abstract—Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) includes large quantities of sensing node used in various situations to collect data. WSN considers applications to collect data from remote locations, for example in environment surveillance, military, transport protection, etc. An energy efficient routing protocol is essential to handle the discharged electricity of the system and to minimize traffic and upstairs during data broadcast phases to fulfill the sensing, communication and processing tasks of the WSN. The biggest problem in the WSN is that energy resources are small. In this study, an energy-efficient routing protocol improves energy efficiency with the life span of sensor nodes by using optimization algorithm Pigeon Inspired Optimization (PIO). Clustering technique i.e. Total Generalized Variation Fuzzy c-means clustering (TGVFCMS) is used to select the Cluster Head (CH) and CH folds and bandage the information and direct it to the board node. By its fitness feature, PIO helps to initialize the centroid. After MATLAB simulation, the energy consumption rate was reduced to 25.03% while using PIO. Finally, comparisons are made between the work proposed and the existing current work to assess the effectiveness of the work proposed.
Index Terms—Cluster head, data transmission, energy consumption, energy-efficient routing protocol

Cite: V. Gokula Krishnan, K. Sreerama Murthy, G. Dhanalakshmi, K. Sankar, S. Venkata Lakshmi, and B. Shyamala Gowri, "Pigeon Inspired Optimization Based Centroid Selection in TGVFCMS for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Network," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 124-133, March 2023. Doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.12.2.124-133

Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.