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A Review on ZigBee Based WSNs: Concepts, Infrastructure, Applications, and Challenges

Haider A. H. Alobaidy1, J. S. Mandeep1,2, Rosdiadee Nordin1, and Nor Fadzilah Abdullah1
1. Department of Electrical, Electronic & Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment,Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2. Space Science Centre (ANGKASA), Institute of Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract—Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are one of the most important technical fields that have gained a wide interest by various developers and leading industrial companies to use them in various applications, especially in the applications of monitoring electric power consumption as well as military and medical applications. The quick developments in these networks promise to revolutionize the way people live and thus help to overcome management and control issues as well as reduction of service costs. Although one of the essential features of WSN is its capability to work in a wide area network, the communication in such area could be noisy and present a challenge for the robustness of such systems. In this review paper, the concepts of WSNs are presented and discussed as well as discussing the most popular data transmission technologies used in WSN. The paper focuses on power monitoring applications in building environment and summarizes the recent studies in this field and the enhancements achieved and present the most important challenges faced in such applications. Finally, some conclusions and suggestions are drawn at the end of this paper. 
Index Terms—WSN, zigbee, power monitoring, wsn challenges, power consumption, noisy channel

Cite: Haider A. H. Alobaidy, J. S. Mandeep, Rosdiadee Nordin, and Nor Fadzilah Abdullah , "A Review on ZigBee Based WSNs: Concepts, Infrastructure, Applications, and Challenges," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 189-198, May 2020. Doi: 10.18178/ijeetc.9.3.189-198

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.