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Analysis of Distributed Generation Integration Effect on Active Power Losses in Distribution Networks

Zaenab Muslimin 1, Ansar Suyuti 1, Elyas Palantei 1, Indrabayu 2, and Indar Chaerah Gunadin 1
1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
2. Department of Informatics, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract—Distributed Generation (DG) is commonly used to reduce active power losses on a distribution network. The optimal location and size of DG will result in minimum active power losses and voltage profile improvement. This research proposes Novel Voltage Sensitivity Index (NVSI) and Stability Index (SI) methods to determine the optimal location and analytical expression to find optimal size and location of DG in Makassar distribution system, Feeder Kima, 76 buses to minimize active power losses and to improve voltage profile. Therefore, DG interconnection has a significant effect on improving the quality of the distribution network. The results show that the sensitivity method does not lead to the best placement DG in reducing active power losses. However, it is an analytical expression, which is very effective in determining optimal location and size of DG to reduce active power losses and to improve voltage profile in Makassar distribution system, Feeder Kima, 76 buses. The most optimal location for DG placement is on Bus 73 (Mega Sakti Pyramid), with a DG size of 0.8515MW. These combinations reduce 45.77% active power losses and increase 1.7336% voltage profile.
 
Index Terms—Active power losses, distributed generator, voltage profile, distribution networks, optimal location, novel voltage-sensitive index

Cite: Zaenab Muslimin, Ansar Suyuti, Elyas Palantei, Indrabayu, and Indar Chaerah Gunadin, "Analysis of Distributed Generation Integration Effect on Active Power Losses in Distribution Networks," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications