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Experimental Study on Low Voltage Ride-Through of DFIG-Based Wind Turbine

Ngo Minh Khoa 1, Doan Duc Tung 1, and Le Van Dai 2
1. Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Quy Nhon University, Quy Nhon City, Binh Dinh, Vietnam
2. Faculty of Electrical Engineering Technology, Industrial University of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

Abstract—This paper presents an architecture of the Doubly-Fed Induction Generator based on Wind Energy Conversion System (DFIG-WECS) to study with the Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) capability. The proposed architecture consists of three main parts namely the wind turbine, electric generator, control systems. The wind turbine and gearbox are modeled by a servo motor driven by using an inverter system. The electric generator uses the Wound Rotor Induction Generator (WRIG). The control system composes of the rotor-side converter (RSC) and the grid-side converter (GSC). The integration of the digital signal processor (DSP) with the Simulink/Matlab software of the vector control scheme is implemented to control both RSC and GSC. Besides, to protect the overcurrent of the generator’s rotor and overvoltage of the DC-link, the crowbar and chopper circuits and the logical scheme between the crowbar and the RSC are also proposed. To approve the control algorithms implemented in DSP as hardware in the loops, the proposed 0.8kW DFIG-WESC system has been performed under the experimental environment considering LVRT requirement in German grid code.
Index Terms—DFIG, LVRT, DSP, wind turbine, grid-connected code

Cite: Ngo Minh Khoa, Doan Duc Tung, and Le Van Dai, "Experimental Study on Low Voltage Ride-Through of DFIG-Based Wind Turbine," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications