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Simple Adaptive Rectifier with High Efficiency over a Range of 21 dBm Input Power for RF Energy Harvesting Applications

Eman M. Abdelhady 1, Hala M. Abdelkader 2, Amr A. Al-Awamry 1
1. Benha Faculty of Engineering/Electrical Department, Benha, Egypt
2. Shoubra Faculty of Engineering/Electrical Department, Benha, Egypt

Abstract—This paper presents a novel simple adaptive and efficient rectifier for Radio Frequency (RF) energy harvesting applications. Traditional rectifiers have maximum RF-DC Power Conversion Efficiency (PCE) over a narrow range of RF input power due to diode breakdown voltage restrictions. The proposed adaptive design helps to extend the PCE over a wider range of RF input power at 2.45GHz using a simple design. Two alternative paths arecontrolled depending on the RF input power level. Low input power levels activate the first path connected to a single rectifier; low power levels make the diode operate below its breakdown voltage and therefore avoiding PCE degradation. High input power levels activate the second path dividing it into three rectifiers. This keeps input power at each rectifier at a low power level to avoid exceeding the diode break down voltage. Simulated PCE of this work is
kept above 50% over a range of 21.4 dBm input power from -0.8dBm to 20.6dBm.

Index Terms—RF energy harvesting, rectifier, power conversion efficiency

Cite: Eman M. Abdelhady, Hala M. Abdelkader, and Amr A. Al-Awamry, "Simple Adaptive Rectifier with High Efficiency over a Range of 21 dBm Input Power for RF Energy Harvesting Applications," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications