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MANET and Its Routing Protocols: A Review

Prabhdeep Singh and Pooja
RPIIT, Bastara, Karnal

Abstract—Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) that are deployed in applications such as home sentry systems and battlefield monitoring face acute security concerns like forgery of sensor data, eavesdropping, denial of service attacks and the physical compromise of sensor nodes. They consist of tiny devices. These tiny devices have limited energy, computational power, transmission range and memory. Mobile Ad hoc network (MANET) is a kind of WSN which is a self-configurable, restrictive power network of mobile nodes connected by multihop wireless links. MANET often require the use of routing protocols to dynamically discover and assign routes over multiple hops as the network’s layout changes. There are many different criteria that can be used by a protocol to predict the loss of a connection, to calculate the quality of the route, and to intelligently decide routing paths. In this paper, different routing protocols have been reviewed to find an appropriate protocol for different applications like requirement of the signal strength between nodes as the criteria for dynamic routing in a MANET, calculation of the cost of each route, comparing BATMAN, OLSR, and BABEL routing protocols, routing enhancement using INTANTSENSE routing protocol based on ant colony optimization etc.
Index Terms—WSN, MANET, aodv, multihop, intantsense, ACO

Cite: Prabhdeep Singh and Pooja, "MANET and Its Routing Protocols: A Review," International Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering & Telecommunications, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 17-20, October 2017. DOI: 10.18178/ijeetc.6.4.17-20